Crawling gives babies their first taste of having the independence to explore their environment and choose their own activities. Keep reading to find out how the skills for crawling emerge, and what games you could play to encourage skill development.

Building blocks for crawling

Beginning to use and improve the muscle groups required for movement

Simple crawling

Becoming more proficient at crawling and being able to crawl in different ways, leading into climbing


  • Crawling through tunnels and over objects on the floor

  • Crawling under, around and through objects and obstacles showing a growing appreciation of their own size in relation to the space of the environment.

  • Climbing ladders using a cross-pattern movement (opposite limbs working together)


See what activities can help to support this core skill.

See Activities