Rolling and crawling give babies their first taste of having the independence to explore their environment and choose their own activities. Keep reading to find out how the skills for rolling and crawling emerge, and what games you could play to encourage skill development.

Building blocks for rolling

Learning to control the head in a prone position

Simple rolling

Learning to rotate the trunk with increasing upper body strength and body awareness

Advanced rolling

Moving into more advanced rolling, requiring different gross motor skills and locomotor abilities


  • Rolling for fun

    This includes rolling with a partner, down a slope, on the flat as an experimental way of traveling, and being rolled up in a rug/blanket and 'unrolled'.

  • Gymnastic style exercises

    Such as pencil or log rolls on mats or on the floor

  • Crawling into tunnels and over objects on the floor


See what activities can help to support this core skill.

See Activities